Damage and After-Effects of the Atomic Bombing of HIROSHIMA and NAGASAKI and Suffering Caused by Nuclear Tests
On August 6 and 9, 1945, the atomic bombs dropped by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki completely destroyed the two cities. By the time, toward the end of WW ll, Japan had already lost its ability to continue the war, and its defeat was only a matter of time even without those A-bomb attacks.
With the explosion of the bomb, a fire ball, like a small sun, was formed, and intense heat rays radiated in all directions with radioactivity. the air around the fire-ball swelled rapidly and caused tremendous blast.
The blast shattered windows even 15km from the blast center in Hiroshima. The heat rays caused burns to people at some 3.5km from the epicenter in Hiroshima, and about 4km from that of Nagasaki.
The radioactivity released from the huge explosions caused especially atrocious damage. People within the radius of 1 km were exposed to well over the lethal amount of radioactivity, and many who narrowly escaped immediate death had to suffer from its lingering effects. The radioactivity caused damage not only to the people who were in Hiroshima or Nagasaki at that time, but also to latge numbers of others who later came into cities to look for their families and relatives, to engage in relief activities, or dispose of bodies and the ruins.
The damage from the A-bombs destoryed the people, animals and the natural evvironment, destroying the total living conditions for the people who barely survived the dombing. Given that local communities and social links disappeared, the hibakusha, the A-bomb suffers, lost their homes, jobs, relatives, neighbors, friends, and everything slse they could depend on. By the end of 1945, some 140,000 had died in Hiroshima, and some 70,000 in Nagasaki.
Even after almost half a century since the atomic bombing, many Hibakusha are still suffering physically and mentally.
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Soon after the atomic bombing of hiroshima and Nagasaki, the U.S.A., the Soviet Union. France and China began their race in nuclear arms development, leading to 2,000 nuclear tests being conducted. The world-wide deployment of nuclear weapons threatens even the existence of human and other forms of life. This race in nuclear arms development has resulted in millions of nyclear victims. Although some progress has been made in nuclear disarmament, in the 21st century nuclear weapons are still going to be maintained, with the destructive power of 200,000 to 300,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.
Humans and nuclear weapons cannot coexist. To rid the world of all such weapons, let us work together on the goverments of the world to have an international treaty for a total ban and the elimination of nuclear weapons adopted and enacted.